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Arenaviral nucleoproteins and the identification of their cellular interacting partners

Buckley, Andrew Dennis (2016) Arenaviral nucleoproteins and the identification of their cellular interacting partners. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Buckley_AD_Molecular and Cellular Biology_PhD_2016.pdf - Final eThesis - complete (pdf)
Restricted until 1 July 2021.

Abstract

Members of the Arenaviridae family are able to cause severe disease in humans. The members of this family which induce haemorrhagic fever (HF) are responsible for over 300,000 reported cases per annum, making arenaviruses the largest cause of HF worldwide. Complications from arenavirus induced disease vary from cerebral and developmental complications in infants and the immunocompromised, to HF with cases ultimately fatal in up to 80% of cases. HF causing arenaviruses can induce high grade fever; diarrhoea; vomiting and general malaise, leading to loss of vascular permeability; internal haemorrhaging; disseminated intravascular coagulation and coma. Fundamental mechanisms of the viral replication strategies are currently unknown, it is therefore of paramount importance to increase knowledge in this area in order to identify potential therapeutic strategies. The nucleoprotein (NP) of arenaviruses is essential for viral replication, and is thus a good candidate for further investigation. This study presents the analysis of the host-cell interactome of the HF causing Lujo virus (LUJV) NP, an arenaviral infection associated with 80% mortality. The NP of LUJV was found to associate with members of the translation initiation and elongation complexes by immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence microscopy. In addition, the NP of the congenital pathogen lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus was found to co-localise with translation associated proteins, with such proteins also identified within viral particles. Finally, it is demonstrated here that the translation of arenaviral-like mRNAs is enhanced in the presence of NP, through a mechanism predicted to be driven by the association of NP with the translation initiation complex eIF4F and the circularisation of mRNAs.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Arenavirus, Lujo, LCMV, translation, interaction, nucleoprotein, ribosome
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Biological Sciences (Leeds) > Institute for Molecular and Cellular Biology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Mr Andrew D Buckley
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 09:54
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2016 09:54
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/12570

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