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Measuring the Liveability of Urban Neighbourhoods’ in Iskandar Malaysia

WAN ISMAIL, WAN AZLINA (2019) Measuring the Liveability of Urban Neighbourhoods’ in Iskandar Malaysia. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The notion of 'liveability' has endured for over 50 years within policy discourses, shaping urban strategy and planning across the world. This research examines the current state of liveability within the context of Iskandar Malaysia, to consider the policy rhetoric, which is created to frame urban problems, select and order concepts and build narratives that shape policy action. Liveability has a dual role: it defines normative goals for a city and also demands particular forms of expert knowledge to justify and maintain its discursive power. This influence is created by connecting the rhetoric of the 'liveable communities’ to expertise represented in liveability rankings and indicators. However, in this exploratory research, the interpretations of liveability are challenged by evaluating resident’s daily life experience in an urban neighbourhood in conjunction with liveability policy analysis. This research aims to address the gap in knowledge of how liveability is defined for Iskandar Malaysia’s urban neighbourhoods through critical assessment of the Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) which is then examined in practice by measuring the degree of liveability in a number of local neighbourhoods. This research uses a variety of approaches including a thorough theoretical discussion of broad range perspectives of liveability calling on critical analysis of liveability policy in Malaysia and policy guidance more widely as well as calling on opinions from professional practitioners who engage in liveability policy implementation, and the perceptions of urban residents. By exploring the experiences of residents in apparently 'liveable' neighbourhoods, the differences between policy interpretations of liveability which create a representation of the neighbourhood emerge in contrast to the experience of many residents. The use of liveability dimensions and reliance on indicators generated from existing literature identified the degree of perceived liveability and everyday experience for urban neighbourhood populations in Iskandar Malaysia. This research contributes a new conceptualisation of liveability to existing knowledge on liveability which emerges from analysing together policy interpretation, experts’ insights and residents’ lived experience. This new knowledge supports existing theory, practice and policy in Liveability to some extent but refutes it elsewhere. The research recommends that to achieve policy and practice aims of providing liveable urban neighbourhoods, it is essential that liveability of urban neighbourhoods encompasses the correlative relationship between social (communities) and spatial qualities of particular (physical) places.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Liveability indicators, liveable neighbourhood, lived experience, policy
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Landscape (Sheffield)
Depositing User: MRS WAN AZLINA WAN ISMAIL
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2020 10:03
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2020 10:03
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/25989

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