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Pseudo Direct Drives for Safety Critical Applications

Dragan, Radu Stefan (2017) Pseudo Direct Drives for Safety Critical Applications. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

Electro-mechanical actuators are currently being developed to replace hydraulic actuation solutions previously used on existing and new aircraft platforms. The replacement of hydraulic actuators constitutes an important step towards realising the More/All Electric Aircraft concept, where all the different power sources used for non-propulsive systems, are substituted with an electrical power source and distribution network. This new system architecture is aimed at optimising aircraft performance by reducing weight, decreasing operational and maintenance costs, improving reliability and efficiency, while reducing emissions. Conventionally, all the non-propulsive aircraft systems are driven by different secondary power sources such as pneumatic, hydraulic, and electrical. Advancements in the field of electrical machines and power electronics are enabling the feasibility of the More/All Electric Aircraft concept. The proposed electro-mechanical magnetically geared actuator aims to eliminate the mechanical gear stages from the actuator drive train by directly connecting a fault tolerant Pseudo Direct Drive motor to the mechanical drive train. The key advantages in adopting a magnetically geared motor are reductions of drive train complexity, resulting in reduced mass and improved reliability, while introducing a compliant transmission acting as a passive anti-jamming overload protection, which isolates the high kinetic energy components, i.e. high-speed rotor, from the mechanical drivetrain. This thesis presents all the stages of the electromagnetic design and manufacture of the fault-tolerant Pseudo Direct Drive motor for primary flight control actuation. The design of the magnetically geared electrical machine is centred around achieving a lightweight fault tolerant machine with a high torque density and reduced output rotor inertia. It is shown that several PDD topologies exist for which a duplex 3-phase fault tolerantII configuration can be implemented. It is also shown that adopting a fault-tolerant PDD results in a considerably lower mass and rotor inertia referred to the mechanical drivetrain of the actuator, while achieving and exceeding the dynamic requirements of the actuator. The findings are validated on magnetic gear and fault tolerant PDD demonstrators, which have been designed and built to meet the requirements of a rudder primary control surface.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Mr Radu Stefan Dragan
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2019 08:32
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2019 08:32
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/24379

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