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Self-applied interventions for social anxiety

Bethel, NJ (2010) Self-applied interventions for social anxiety. DClinPsy thesis, University of Sheffield.

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The present thesis examined the efficacy of self-applied interventions for social anxiety. 18 studies examining self-help interventions (with and without therapist involvement) for social phobia were reviewed. All studies demonstrated the efficacy of such interventions in treating social phobia, producing some outcomes comparable to face-to-face CBT. It was concluded that self-help interventions may prove to be efficient and economical treatments for social phobia. However, further research is needed to clarify the effectiveness of self-help interventions for social phobia, determine specifically what factors improve outcomes and through what mechanisms, and examine other interventions (all thus far are CBT-based) that may be suitable for self-application. Implementation intentions (‘if...then’ plans) have been helpful in managing social anxiety through moderating attentional biases, and may be suitable for self-application. The present study aimed to determine if self-application of implementation intentions could prevent the negative effects of social anxiety on perceived performance and state anxiety. 84 socially anxious students identified an upcoming, real world anxiety-provoking social situation. Participants were randomly allocated to (i) control, (ii) goal intention (asked to keep calm and not focus on negative things in their situation), or (iii) implementation intention (additionally made an ‘if…then’ plan to focus their attention on positive stimuli in their situation) conditions. Participants completed measures of performance and state anxiety after their social situations. Self-applied implementation intentions prevented the negative effects of social anxiety upon perceived performance and state anxiety in the chosen social situations. Implementation intentions could be used to promote effective self-management of social anxiety.

Item Type: Thesis (DClinPsy)
Keywords: Social anxiety; social phobia; implementation intentions; self-help; therapist minimal interventions
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Psychology (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Dr NJ Bethel
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2011 12:18
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2013 08:45
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1133

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