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Triaxial behaviour of partially saturated granular soils at low stress levels.

Salman, Talib H (1995) Triaxial behaviour of partially saturated granular soils at low stress levels. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

Granular soil is used as a backfilling material in trenches that are prepared for the installation, repair and replacement of service pipes. The soil is likely to be partially saturated and subjected to low stress levels (<100 kPa), as it exists at shallow depths (about 5m below the ground) A new double-wall triaxial cell has been designed for testing partially saturated granular specimens with height/diameter equalt o 375 mm/150m m, at low stress levels. The cell is able to make separate measurements and control of the pore air and pore water pressures. It was designed to make specimens tress and strain measurements in ternally. A conventional triaxial cell was modified to carry out tests on saturated granular specimens of the same dimensions at low stress levels. Two gradings of Limestone, fine and coarse, with maximum particle sizes of 5 nun and 20 mm respectively ere used in the triaxial tests. The experimental results showed that the suction in the range 25 kPa to 75 kPa can have an effect on the volume, stiffness and shear strength of partially saturated granular soils at low stress levels. Ile results also showed that there is a linear relationship between q and (p-u. ) for the unsaturated soils or (p-u,, ) for the saturated soils. And Fredlund's equation cannot be used to predict the shear strength of partially saturated granular soils at low stress levels, if the value of O'is taken from tests carried out on saturated specimens. The results also showed that there was a relationship between q , (p-q. ), suction, specific volume and water content, all at failure.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Soil Science & pedology
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Civil and Structural Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.319482
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 15:19
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2016 15:19
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10232

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